Veterinary Hopsital, Distillery Road, Wexford+ 353 (0)53 914 5755theveterinarycentre@eircom.net

Cat Vaccination

  • We strongly recommend all pets are vaccinated as the diseases we vaccinate against are still prevalent and can have serious and long term consequences.
  • We choose our vaccine brands carefully to be using the most modern and safest brands. We also tailor make a vaccine regime to your pet’s lifestyle.

What Do We Vaccinate Against:

  • ‘Cat flu’: Two viruses Herpes and Calicivirus. If caught your cat can become a lifelong carriers and can suffer repeated relapses. Calicivirus can cause a very nasty gum disease.
  • ‘Enteritis’: aka Feline Panleucopaenia. This used to be a major killer of kittens but, because of vaccinations, is thankfully rare these days.
  • These viruses are very hardy and can be carried on shoes and clothing, so even indoor cats still need protection against them.
  • Feline Leukaemia Virus (FeLV)This is a killer virus of young cats. It is spread by direct contact, such as grooming, between cats. A young cat going outside should be vaccinated against FeLV.
  • Rabies for cats that will be travelling abroad on the Pet Travel Scheme. See other information sheet.
  • The annual health check is vital so we can pick up any health problems early.

Kittens:

  • First injection from 9 weeks, second injection three weeks after. Protected in a week, but we advise staying indoors until neutered.

Adult cats:

  • Yearly flu injections
  • Enteritis every 3 years
  • Yearly leukaemia for young adults that go outside. * Leukaemia vaccination will be given depending on your cats lifestyle.

Older cats:

  • As well as vaccinations we recommend a senior blood test to pick up any problems at an early stage, when they are much easier to treat.

Summary:

  • Kittens require two injections, don’t leave more than 4 weeks between.
  • Every cat should be seen every year
  • We will send vaccine reminders.

Why is worming your pet important?

  • Worms may affect your pet’s health.
  • Worms may infect people and pose a health risk to you and your family.

Signs of worm infection:

  • These may include vomiting, diarrhoea or constipation, weight loss, ‘pot-bellied’ appearance, poor coat quality or stunted growth.

Mechanism of transmission:

  • Animals can become infected from their mother, from the environment, or from hunting.

 

Treatment:

  •  We will administer worming as required at your pet’s annual health check.
  • If your cat is difficult to give tablets then you can book a nurse appointment for them to administer the tablet. or we can advise about spot on products.

 

How Often?

Kittens:

  • at both kitten vaccinations and neutering (9, 12 and 18 weeks)

Adult cats:

  • every 3 months for life but monthly for avid hunters.
  • Cats that do not go outside, do not hunt and are not fed raw pet foods, may not need regular repeat worming.
  • Kittens and puppies need regular worming as they will have picked up worms from their Mum.
  • Worm outdoor cats every three months.
  • Use Advocate monthly on dogs to prevent lungworm and Drontal regularly to treat tapeworm.
  • We will advise on the best products and protocol for your pet
Neutering your cat
  • We recommend that your kitten is neutered by five and a half months of age.

Female:

  • A Queen (female cat) will start coming into season from 5 months of age.
  • She will cycle frequently unless pregnant. The more often she cycles, the more likely she is to develop mammary tumours, uterine infections and ovarian problems.
  • If a cat has kittens she will very quickly become fertile and pregnant again, repeated pregnancies are very bad for a cat.
  • When a cat is ‘spayed’, both ovaries and the uterus are removed which prevents these problems.
  • It is unfair on her NOT to spay her.

Males:

 

  • Testosterone causes a male cat to want a big territory and to be more aggressive and roam further a field.
  • This increases his chances of being run over, getting into fights with other cats and possibly becoming infected with the FIV (Cat Aids) virus.
  • He will start to spray very smelly urine all over your home.
  • You can prevent these dangers by castrating him before five and a half months.
  • It is unfair on him NOT to castrate him.

 

Please note brothers and sisters WILL mate!.

The procedure:

  • We prefer to do a pre-anaesthetic blood test.
  • We have a sophisticated anaesthetic protocol , very safe anaesthetic drugs and lots of pain relief.
  • For the females we place stitches under the skin and use a midline approach to minimise discomfort and increase safety.
  • We admit your cat before 9.30am. He or she should have had no food from 8.00pm the previous evening but must have had access to water overnight.
  • We will call you once your cat has fully recovered and they can usually go home from 3pm. A check up at 10days is included in the price.

Summary:

  • Neutering your cat before 6months is one of the most important things you can do for their health and welfare.
  • The procedure is very safe and cats recover very quickly.
  • We are happy to discuss any concerns you may have.

Feline Oral Health

  • A healthy mouth means a healthy cat.
  • Cats are little hunting creatures. No hunting creature hunts jelly or gravy.

Diet

  • Give a good quality dry food. We recommend Royal Canin, Burns, Omega & Go Cat dry food for cats. * It’s good for the cat and not too bad for the teeth. But hunting creatures don’t hunt biscuits – they are not what teeth are designed for but dry food is a good compromise as a convenient and balanced diet.
  • Give your cat mouse-sized strips chunks of raw meat twice a week as a meal.. Raw chicken wings are ideal.
  • Don’t feed cooked bones.

Preventive measures in addition to correct diet:

  • Toothbrushing every day: initially difficult to do, but the best prevention. Use a veterinary toothpaste.
  • Get your kitten used to you handling their mouth and touching their gums initially; then introduce the paste on your finger and finally get them used to using the brush and toothpaste.
  • Plan ORAL HEALTH or t/d (tooth diet) can be given to cats over a year old. The cat’s teeth SINK INTO the biscuit before it crumbles and the slimy plaque is wiped off. T/D can also be used if your cat is very prone to plaque and gingivitis. Because of the high fat content of t/d, it must comprise no more than a quarter of the total diet.These steps should mean that your cat is less likely to require an anaesthetic for dental treatment in later life.

Summary:

  • Feed a good quality dry food
  • Don’t feed gravy or jelly food
  • Tooth cleaning requires patience and training but is well worth the effort
  • Dental disease is painful and bad for the general health of your cat

Fleas.

  • Fleas are a very common problem. With recent warm wet summers we have seen severe infestations.
  • Fleas can cause irritation, allergy and anaemia, they also transmit tapeworms.
  • Fleas will bite people but won’t live on you.
  • Fleas can be easily treated and prevented but only if using the correct products.
    The products we sell are effective and very safe.
  • The best products are Prescription Only Medicines (POM)
  • We legally need to have seen your animal in the last year to dispense a POM of any kind. We offer a free flea check if required.

Treating the home:

  • Fleas can lay many millions of eggs, these fall off into the home, they hatch into larvae in your carpets and in cracks and crevices.
  • In heavy infestations, it may be necessary to kill eggs and larvae that are already in the environment.
  • Vacuum first and pay particular attention to dark areas, such as around skirting boards and where soft furnishings meet the floor.
  • Do not apply these sprays to your pet and follow the directions carefully.

Summary:

  • Fleas are common but easily preventable using the correct treatment.
  • Fleas can cause significant skin disease in some cats.
  • Ask us about the best products.
  • You may need to treat your home.
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